Electrophoresis of tightly fitting spheres along a circular cylinder of finite length

J. D. Sherwood*, S. Ghosal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electrophoresis of a tightly fitting sphere of radius along the centreline of a liquid-filled circular cylinder of radius is studied for a gap width. We assume a Debye length, so that surface conductivity is negligible for zeta potentials typically seen in experiments, and the Smoluchowski slip velocity is imposed as a boundary condition at the solid surfaces. The pressure difference between the front and rear of the sphere is determined. If the cylinder has finite length, this pressure difference causes an additional volumetric flow of liquid along the cylinder, increasing the electrophoretic velocity of the sphere, and an analytic prediction for this increase is found when. If identical, well-spaced spheres are present, the electrophoretic velocity of the spheres increases with, in agreement with the experiments of Misiunas & Keyser (Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 122, 2019, 214501).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2021892
JournalJournal of fluid Mechanics
Volume929
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 25 2021

Keywords

  • colloids
  • electrokinetic flows
  • microfluidics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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