Electrophysiological studies were conducted in 15 patients with tachycardic rate dependent bundle branch block (RDBBB): 10 with left, and 5 with right. No bradycardic RDBBB was observed, despite occurrence of cycle lengths (CL) longer than 1200 msec in over half the patients studied. Onset of RDBB was abrupt in 13 patients, and gradual in 2. In 3 patients, the CL allowing reversion to normal conduction (once RDBBB was inhibited) was 50, 55, and 190 msec longer, respectively, than the CL inducing RDBBB. Bundle branch refractory periods (RP) were measured with atrial extrastimulus technique in 5 patients. All RP (except one) were prolonged at all tested CL when compared to patients without conduction disease. The expected decrease in RP with shortening of CL did not occur in 4 of the 5 patients. The electrophysiological abnormality in patients with RDBBB thus appeared to be an increase in refractoriness in the affected bundle branch, along with a loss of the normal decrease in refractoriness with decrease in CL. Similar findings might be demonstrable in patients with early bundle branch disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)