Electrostatic phenomena and molecular motion at interfaces of glass/polymer composites

S. I. Stupp*, S. C. Weldert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A boundary zone of filler‐affected polymeric network is a possible element in the microstructure of composites. The intensity of adsorption potentials for polymeric material on the filler and therefore its surface energy should be an important variable in boundary zone properties. This work has involved the modification of surface energy in a glass filler material through the introduction of externally induced electrostatic charge that is through the creation of a ‘synthetic’ zeta potential on filler particles. The interactions of charged and uncharged glass surfaces with a polymeric matrix were studied by thermally stimulated discharge (TSD), and also by contact angle measurements. The experimental system studied was an aluminosilicate glass as the filler material, and poly(tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate) as the organic matrix. Contact angle measurements revealed enhanced wettability for the matrix‐forming monomer on glass surfaces charged negatively by electric fields. TSD analysis was also carried out on pure polymer, and composite materials containing either uncharged or bipolar filler particles (particles exposed to an external electrical potential). TSD spectra suggest a suppressed level of molecular motion in composites with fillers of high electrostatic surface energy. Also, activation energies calculated from TSD data are higher in bipolar filler composites. The higher activation energies are consistent with the possibility that a less mobile interfacial zone polymerizes around higher surface energy filler particles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-230
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer Composites
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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