Elevated C-Reactive Protein Associated With Decreased High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Men With Spinal Cord Injury

Huifang Liang, Mina C. Mojtahedi, David Chen, Carol L. Braunschweig*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Liang H, Mojtahedi MC, Chen D, Braunschweig CL. Elevated C-reactive protein associated with decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in men with spinal cord injury. Objectives: To determine if people with spinal cord injury (SCI) have elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), to examine the association of CRP with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and to assess the influence of completeness and level of injury on these parameters. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Urban university. Participants: Men with SCI (n=129) who were free of infection and/or recent anti-inflammatory medication use as well as their 1:1 age- and race-matched able-bodied counterparts from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: High CRP was defined as 3mg/L or higher and low HDL-C as less than 1.04mmol/L. Results: Men with SCI were more likely to have high CRP (odds ratio [OR]=2.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33-3.95) and low HDL-C (OR=1.81; 95% CI, 1.01-3.27). The OR for low HDL-C in SCI was no longer significant when high CRP was controlled. CRP was higher in complete versus incomplete injury (median, 3.7mg/L vs 1.2mg/L; P=.005), and this elevation was independent of age, smoking, physical activity, waist circumference, and weight. No conclusion can be made on the association of injury level and CRP because of a lack of power. Conclusions: The elevated CRP, possibly the major risk factor, together with decreased HDL-C may contribute to greater incidence for cardiovascular disease in the SCI population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008


  • C-reactive protein
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Cross-sectional studies
  • Rehabilitation
  • Risk factors
  • Spinal cord injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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