We hypothesize that elevation of Nm23-H1 expression in micrometastatic breast cancer cells may inhibit their metastatic colonization and further invasion, and induce differentiation, thus resulting in a clinical benefit. The current study investigated the possible contribution of DNA methylation to the regulation of Nm23-H1 expression, based on the observation that two CpG islands are present in its promoter. 5-Aza-2′-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR), a DNA methylation inhibitor, increased the Nm23-H1 expression of 5 of 11 human breast carcinoma cell lines in vitro, including 3 of 3 metastatically competent lines. Increased Nm23-H1 expression was accompanied by a reduction in motility in vitro, with minimal effect on proliferation. Both increased Nm23-H1 expression and decreased motility were observed using low (75 nM) concentrations of 5-Aza-CdR. Array analysis of MDA-MB-231 breast carcinoma cells treated with 5-Aza-CdR confirmed the elevation of nm23-H1 mRNA, whereas relatively few other genes exhibited altered expression. Bisulfite sequencing of the two CpG islands in a panel of cell lines and in 20 infiltrating ductal carcinomas revealed that one island (-3090 bp to -3922 bp) exhibited infrequent differential methylation. The data indicate that DNA methylation inhibitors can directly or indirectly cause both elevation of Nm23-H1 expression and decreased function in one aspect of metastasis, motility.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research