Embolization of Vascular Tumors of the Head and Neck

Joseph J. Gemmete*, Sameer A. Ansari, Jonathan McHugh, Dheeraj Gandhi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas and paragangliomas are the most common hypervascular tumors of the head and neck that require embolization as an adjunct to surgery. A detailed understanding of the functional vascular anatomy of the external carotid artery is necessary for safe and effective endovascular therapy. Embolization, using a transarterial technique and particulate agents, a direct puncture technique and liquid embolic agents, or both techniques may allow for complete devascularization of hypervascular tumors of the head and neck. Effective embolization of these tumors results in a significant reduction of blood loss during surgery and allows for complete resection of the tumors. Use of meticulous technique and a thorough knowledge of functional anatomy of the head and neck vasculature are essential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-198
Number of pages18
JournalNeuroimaging Clinics of North America
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

Keywords

  • Direct puncture
  • Head and neck tumor
  • Preoperative tumor embolization
  • Therapeutic embolization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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