Emergency airway management for pediatric blunt neck trauma

David J. Hernandez, Kris R. Jatana, Stephen R. Hoff, Jeffrey C. Rastatter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pediatric laryngotracheal injuries as a result of blunt neck trauma are exceedingly rare, but they have the potential for fatal consequences if not identified and managed appropriately. Two cases on the spectrum of laryngotracheal trauma are presented followed by an overview of pediatric laryngotracheal trauma with a focus on acute airway management. Special considerations must be taken into account when evaluating and treating children with laryngotracheal injuries. Standard orotracheal intubation by direct laryngoscopy is risky, and awake tracheostomy is often not feasible. Flexible or rigid bronchoscopic airway management is the preferred method of tracheal intubation prior to tracheostomy. The airway surgeon must be prepared to perform an efficient, emergency tracheostomy. In stable patients, flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy is an important diagnostic tool in the evaluation of laryngotracheal injuries. After ensuring a secure airway, further goals of management are aimed at preserving normal laryngeal function: airway patency, voice, and swallowing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-268
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

Keywords

  • Laryngeal trauma
  • Pediatric blunt neck trauma
  • Tracheal trauma
  • Tracheostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Emergency Medicine

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