Emergency Medicine Clinician Experiences Addressing Uncertainty in First-Trimester Bleeding

Garrison A. Nord, Amanda M.B. Doty, Andrew J. Monick, Danielle M. McCarthy, Robin J. Casten, Amer Z. Aldeen, Philip S. Nawrocki, Kristin L. Rising*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this work is to understand Emergency Department (ED) clinicians’ experiences in communicating uncertainty about first-trimester bleeding (FTB) and their need for training on this topic. This cross-sectional study surveyed a national sample of attending physicians and advanced practice providers (APPs). The survey included quantitative and qualitative questions about communicating with patients presenting with FTB. These questions assessed clinicians’ frequency encountering challenges, comfort, training, prior experience, and interest in training on the topic. Of 402 respondents, 54% reported that they encountered challenges at least sometimes when discussing FTB with patients where the pregnancy outcome is uncertain. While the majority (84%) were at least somewhat prepared for these conversations from their training, which commonly addressed the diagnostic approach to this scenario, 39% strongly or moderately agreed that they could benefit from training on the topic. Because the majority of ED clinicians identified at least sometimes encountering challenges communicating with pregnant patients about FTB, our study indicates a need exists for more training in this skill.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Patient Experience
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • emergency medicine
  • patient education
  • pregnancy outcome
  • uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy


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