Emergency treatment options for pediatric traumatic brain injury

J. Exo, C. Smith, R. Smith, M. J. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury is a leading killer of children and is a major public health problem around the world. Using general principles of neurocritical care, various treatment strategies have been developed to attempt to restore homeostasis to the brain and allow brain healing, including mechanical factors, cerebrospinal fuid diversion, hyperventilation, hyperosmolar therapies, barbiturates and hypothermia. Careful application of these therapies, normally in a step-wise fashion as intracranial injuries evolve, is necessary in order to attain maximal neurological outcome for these children. It is hopeful that new therapies, such as early hypothermia or others currently in preclinical trials, will ultimately improve outcome and quality of life for children after traumatic brain injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-541
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Health
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

Keywords

  • Barbiturate therapy
  • Children
  • Hyperosmolar therapy
  • Hyperventilation
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pediatrics

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