Emergent Evaluation of Injuries to the Shoulder, Clavicle, and Humerus

Sanjeev Malik*, George Chiampas, Heather Leonard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


This article provides a review of the evaluation and treatment of common injuries to the shoulder, humerus, and clavicle in the emergency department (ED) setting. In addition to a focused review of the shoulder's physical examination, topics include common emergent injuries such as glenohumeral dislocations, proximal humerus fractures, and acromioclavicular separations as well as less common, but important injuries including pectoralis and biceps tendon injuries and sternoclavicular dislocations. Accurate recognition and management of these injuries is essential in the optimal care of patients in the ED.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)739-763
Number of pages25
JournalEmergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2010


  • Acromioclavicular separation
  • Proximal humerus fractures
  • Shoulder dislocations
  • Shoulder emergencies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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