EMG-Force relations during isometric contractions of the first dorsal interosseous muscle after stroke

Ping Zhou, Xiaoyan Li, William Rymer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study examines the electromyogram (EMG)-force relations observed in the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle of hemiparetic stroke survivors. Methods: Fourteen stroke subjects were instructed to perform different levels of index finger abduction using their paretic and contralateral hands, respectively. Surface EMG and force signals were recorded from the FDI muscle. The EMG-force relation was constructed using linear regression of the EMG amplitude and force measurements. Results: We found that there were diverse changes in the slope of the EMG-force relations in paretic muscles compared with contralateral muscles, with significant increases and decreases being observed relative to the contralateral side. Regression analysis did not verify strong correlations between the ratio of paretic and contralateral muscle EMG-force slopes and any clinical parameters. Conclusions: These findings suggest that there appear to be different types of processes (eg, motor unit control property changes, muscle fiber atrophy, spinal motoneuron degeneration, muscle fiber reinnervation, etc) at work post stroke that may impact the EMG-force relations and that may be present in varying degree in any given stroke survivor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-544
Number of pages8
JournalTopics in stroke rehabilitation
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • EMG-force relation
  • FDI muscle
  • hemiparetic stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Community and Home Care
  • Clinical Neurology

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