End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC) training program: Improving palliative care in critical care

Betty R. Ferrell, Constance Dahlin, Margaret L. Campbell, Judith Paice*, Pam Malloy, Rose Virani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


The integration of palliative care in critical care settings is essential to improve care of the dying, and critical care nurses are leaders in these efforts. However, lack of education in providing end-of-life (EOL) care is an obstacle to nurses and other healthcare professionals as they strive to deliver palliative care. Education regarding pain and symptom management, communication strategies, care at the end of life, ethics, and other aspects of palliative care are urgently needed. Efforts to increase EOL care education in most undergraduate and graduate nursing curricula are beginning; yet, most critical care nurses have not received formal training in palliative care. Moreover, educational resources such as critical care nursing textbooks often contain inadequate information on palliative care. The ELNEC-Critical Care program provides a comprehensive curriculum that concentrates on the requirements of those nurses who are working in areas of critical care. Extensive support materials include CD-ROM, binder, Web sites, newsletters, textbooks, and other supplemental items. The ultimate goal is to improve EOL care for patients in all critical care settings and enhance the experience of family members witnessing the dying process of their loved ones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-212
Number of pages7
JournalCritical Care Nursing Quarterly
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007


  • Critical care
  • Education
  • End of life
  • Palliative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care


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