Endoglin mediates fibronectin/α5β1 integrin and TGF-β pathway crosstalk in endothelial cells

Hongyu Tian, Karthikeyan Mythreye, Christelle Golzio, Elias Nicholas Katsanis, Gerard C. Blobe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


Both the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and integrin signalling pathways have well-established roles in angiogenesis. However, how these pathways integrate to regulate angiogenesis is unknown. Here, we show that the extracellular matrix component, fibronectin, and its cellular receptor, α5β1 integrin, specifically increase TGF-β1- and BMP-9-induced Smad1/5/8 phosphorylation via the TGF-β superfamily receptors endoglin and activin-like kinase-1 (ALK1). Fibronectin and α5β1 integrin increase Smad1/5/8 signalling by promoting endoglin/ALK1 cell surface complex formation. In a reciprocal manner, TGF-β1 activates α5β1 integrin and downstream signalling to focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in an endoglin-dependent manner. α5β1 integrin and endoglin form a complex on the cell surface and co-internalize, with their internalization regulating α5β1 integrin activation and signalling. Functionally, endoglin-mediated fibronectin/α5β1 integrin and TGF-β pathway crosstalk alter the responses of endothelial cells to TGF-β1, switching TGF-β1 from a promoter to a suppressor of migration, inhibiting TGF-β1-mediated apoptosis to promote capillary stability, and partially mediating developmental angiogenesis in vivo. These studies provide a novel mechanism for the regulation of TGF-β superfamily signalling and endothelial function through crosstalk with integrin signalling pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3885-3900
Number of pages16
JournalEMBO Journal
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 3 2012


  • TGF-β
  • angiogenesis
  • crosstalk
  • endoglin
  • integrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Neuroscience


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