ENDOR characterization of an iron-alkene complex provides insight into a corresponding organometallic intermediate of nitrogenase

Masaki Horitani, Katarzyna Grubel, Sean F. McWilliams, Bryan D. Stubbert, Brandon Q. Mercado, Ying Yu, Prabhuodeyara M. Gurubasavaraj, Nicholas S. Lees, Patrick L. Holland*, Brian M. Hoffman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


A bio-organometallic intermediate, denoted PA, was previously trapped during the reduction of propargyl alcohol to allyl alcohol (AA) by nitrogenase, and a similar one was trapped during acetylene reduction, representing foundational examples of alkene binding to a metal center in biology. ENDOR spectroscopy led to the conclusion that these intermediates have η2 binding of the alkene, with the hydrogens on the terminal carbon structurally/magnetically equivalent and related by local mirror symmetry. However, our understanding of both the PA intermediate, and of the dependability of the ENDOR analysis on which this understanding was based, was constrained by the absence of reference iron-alkene complexes for EPR/ENDOR comparison. Here, we report an ENDOR study of the crystallographically characterized biomimetic iron(i) complex 1, which exhibits η2 coordination of styrene, thus connecting hyperfine and structural parameters of an Fe-bound alkene fragment for the first time. A tilt of the alkene plane of 1 from normal to the crystallographic Fe-C2-C1 plane causes substantial differences in the dipolar couplings of the two terminal vinylic protons. Comparison of the hyperfine couplings of 1 and PA confirms the proposed symmetry of PA, and that the η2 interaction forms a scalene Fe-C-C triangle, rather than an isosceles triangle. This spectroscopic study of a structurally characterized complex thus shows the exceptional sensitivity of ENDOR spectroscopy to structural details, while enhancing our understanding of the geometry of a key nitrogenase adduct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5941-5948
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Science
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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