Endothelial α3β1-integrin represses pathological angiogenesis and sustains endothelial-VEGF

Rita Graça Da Silva, Bernardo Tavora, Stephen D. Robinson, Louise E. Reynolds, Charles Szekeres, John Lamar, Sílvia Batista, Vassiliki Kostourou, Mitchel A. Germain, Andrew R. Reynolds, Dylan T. Jones, Alan R. Watson, Janet L. Jones, Adrian Harris, Ian R. Hart, M. Luisa Iruela-Arispe, C. Michael DiPersio, Jordan A. Kreidberg, Kairbaan M. Hodivala-Dilke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Integrin α3β1 is a major receptor for laminin. The expression levels of laminins-8 and -10 in the basement membrane surrounding blood vessels are known to change during tumor angiogenesis. Although some studies have suggested that certain ligands of α3β1 can affect angiogenesis either positively or negatively, either a direct in vivo role for α3β1 in this process or its mechanism of action in endothelial cells during angiogenesis is still unknown. Because the global genetic ablation of α3-integrin results in an early lethal phenotype, we have generated conditional-knockout mice where α3 is deleted specifically in endothelial cells (ec-α3-/-). Here we show that ec-α3-/- mice are viable, fertile, and display enhanced tumor growth, elevated tumor angiogenesis, augmented hypoxia-induced retinal angiogenesis, and increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated neovascularization ex vivo and in vivo. Furthermore, our data provide a novel method by which an integrin may regulate angiogenesis. We show that α3β1 is a positive regulator of endothelial-VEGF and that, surprisingly, the VEGF produced by endothelial cells can actually repress VEGF-receptor 2 (Flk-1) expression. These data, therefore, identify directly that endothelial α3β1 negatively regulates pathological angiogenesis and implicate an unexpected role for low levels of endothelial-VEGF as an activator of neovascularization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1534-1548
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume177
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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