Endothelial cell overexpression of Fas ligand attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injury in the heart

Jiang Yang, Steven P. Jones, Toshimitsu Suhara, James J M Greer, Paul D. Ware, Nhan P. Nguyen, Harris Perlman, David P. Nelson, David J. Lefer, Kenneth Walsh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fas ligand (FasL) is a member of tumor necrosis factor family that induces apoptosis in target cells that express Fas. The function of FasL during inflammation remains controversial. In this study, we examined the role of vascular endothelial FasL during acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion that is closely associated with inflammation. Transgenic mouse lines were established that overexpress human FasL on endothelium under the control of the vascular endothelial cadherin promoter. Expression of FasL transgene was detected at both mRNA and protein levels, and functional transgene-encoded FasL protein was specifically expressed on the surface of vascular endothelial cells. Transgenic mice developed normally and had normal hearts. When subjected to 30 min of myocardial ischemia and 72 h of reperfusion, myocardial infarct size was reduced by 42% in the transgenic mice compared with nontransgenic littermates (p < 0.05). Moreover, hemodynamic data demonstrated that transgenic hearts performed better following ischemia and reperfusion compared with nontransgenic hearts. Myocardial neutrophil infiltration was reduced by 54% after 6 h of reperfusion in transgenic hearts (p < 0.01). Neutrophil depletion prior to ischemia-reperfusion injury led to smaller infarcts that were not different between transgenic and nontransgenic mice, suggesting that endothelial FasL may attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury by abating the inflammatory response. These results indicate that vascular endothelial FasL may exert potent anti-inflammatory actions in the setting of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15185-15191
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 25 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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