Endothelins are a class of peptides that are produced by and elicit responses in many tissues. A growing literature documents the presence and effects of endothelins in bone. Both endothelin(A) and endothelin(B) receptors have been demonstrated in osteoblastic cells by ligand binding. Major signal transduction pathways for endothelin in bone cells appear to be stimulation of phospholipid turnover, by activation of A, C and D phospholipases, stimulation of calcium flux from intracellular and extracellular stores and activation of tyrosine kinases. Endothelins also modulate calcium signaling elicited by other agents in osteoblastic cells. The parathyroid hormone-stimulated calcium transient in GMR-106 cells is enhanced by endothelins, acting through an endothelin(B) receptor, whereas the parathyroid hormone-stimulated increase in cyclic AMP is inhibited by endothelins. Phenotypic responses to endothelin-1 include changes in alkaline phosphatase activity, stimulation of osteocalcin and osteopontin message, stimulation of collagen and noncollagenous protein synthesis, inhibition of osteoclast motility and stimulation of prostaglandin-dependent resorption. Endothelin-1 also enhances the interleukin-1-induced increase in interleukin- 6. Endothelins can also potentially affect calcium metabolism through their actions to inhibit the secretion of parathyroid hormone.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Nutrition|
|Issue number||7 SUPPL.|
|State||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Medicine (miscellaneous)