Endovascular thrombectomy after large-vessel ischemic stroke: Utilization, outcomes, and readmissions across the United States

Pedram Golnari, Pouya Nazari, Sameer A. Ansari, Michael C. Hurley, Ali Shaibani, Matthew B. Potts, Babak S. Jahromi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Following publication of trials demonstrating the efficacy of thrombectomy, societal guidelines were revised in 2015 to recommend this procedure for large-vessel stroke. Purpose: To evaluate real-world thrombectomy rates, adverse events, outcomes, and readmissions across the United States in the 2 years after large-scale adoption of thrombectomy for acute stroke. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, the authors queried the National Inpatient Sample and Nationwide Readmissions Database for patients undergoing thrombectomy between 2016 and 2017. Thrombectomy rates were compared by using the x2 test. Adjusted risk ratios (aRRs) were obtained for factors affecting routine discharge, mortality, and readmission by using multivariable Poisson regression with clustering at the hospital level. Results: There were 290 460 admissions (mean age, 70.5 years 6 14.2 [standard deviation]; 148 620 women) for internal carotid or middle cerebral artery stroke; 30 835 (10.6%) of these patients underwent thrombectomy. Thrombectomy rates were lower in patients aged 90 years or older (1815 of 24 090 patients, 7.5%), Black patients (4280 of 43 365 patients, 9.9%), patients with the lowest income (8520 of 85 905 patients, 9.9%), and those treated in West South Central division hospitals (2695 of 34 355 patients, 7.8%) (P , .001 for all). The inpatient mortality rate was 12.1% (3740 of 30 835 patients), and 19.1% of patients (5900 of 30 835) were discharged to home. In adjusted analyses, routine discharge was less likely in patients aged 90 years or older (aRR: 0.12; 95% CI: 0.09, 0.16; P , .001) and octogenarians (aRR: 0.37; 95% CI: 0.33, 0.41; P , .001). Patients aged 90 years or older (aRR: 1.78; 95% CI: 1.48, 2.14; P , .001), octogenarians (aRR: 1.76; 95% CI: 1.51, 2.06; P , .001), Asians and/or Pacific Islanders (aRR: 1.21; 95% CI: 1.06, 1.39; P = .005), and those treated in teaching (aRR: 1.20; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.34; P = .001) or West South Central division (aRR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.14, 1.60; P , .001) hospitals had a higher risk of death. Following discharge, 18.9% of patients (3449 of 18 274) were readmitted within 90 days. Conclusion: Rates and outcomes of thrombectomy are affected by demographic, socioeconomic, and hospital-related factors. Fewer than one-fifth of patients are discharged to home, nearly one-fifth are readmitted within 90 days, and mortality and outcomes may be less favorable than in published trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-189
Number of pages11
JournalRadiology
Volume299
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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