Energy conservation/envelope theory interventions

Leonard A. Jason, Molly Brown, Abigail Brown, Meredyth Evans, Samantha Flores, Elisa Grant-Holler, Madison Sunnquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Objectives: Treatment approaches for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) have been controversial. This paper provides the theoretical and conceptual background for the Energy Envelope Theory to assist patients and reviews evidence of its treatment efficacy. Methods: Over a 15-year period, efforts were directed to develop a non-pharmacologic intervention that endeavored to help patients to self-monitor and self-regulate energy expenditures and learn to pace activities and stay within their energy envelope. Conclusions: Studies show that the energy envelope approach, which involves rehabilitation methods, helps patients pace activities and manage symptoms and can significantly improve their quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-42
Number of pages16
JournalFatigue: Biomedicine, Health and Behavior
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
  • Myalgic Encephalomyelits/chronic fatigue syndrome
  • chronic fatigue syndrome
  • energy envelope
  • pacing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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