## Abstract

Motivated by issues of saving energy in data centers we define a collection of new problems referred to as "machine activation" problems. The central framework we introduce considers a collection of m machines (unrelated or related) with each machine i having an activation cost of a_{i}. There is also a collection of n jobs that need to be performed, and p _{i,j} is the processing time of job j on machine i. Standard scheduling models assume that the set of machines is fixed and all machines are available. However, in our setting, we assume that there is an activation cost budget of A - we would like to select a subset S of the machines to activate with total cost a(S) ≤ A and find a schedule for the n jobs on the machines in S minimizing the makespan (or any other metric). We consider both the unrelated machines setting, as well as the setting of scheduling uniformly related parallel machines, where machine i has activation cost a_{i} and speed s_{i}, and the processing time of job j on machine i is p_{i,j} = p_{j}/s_{i}, where P_{j} is the processing requirement of job j. For the general unrelated machine activation problem, our main results are that if there is a schedule with makespan T and activation cost A then we can obtain a schedule with makespan (2 + ε)T and activation cost 2(1 + 1/ε)(In n/OPT + 1)A, for any ε > 0. We also consider assignment costs for jobs as in the generalized assignment problem, and using our framework, provide algorithms that minimize the machine activation and the assignment cost simultaneously. In addition, we present a greedy algorithm which only works for the basic version and yields a makespan of 2T and an activation cost A(1 + In n). For the uniformly related parallel machine scheduling problem, we develop a polynomial time approximation scheme that outputs a schedule with the property that the activation cost of the subset of machines is at most A and the makespan is at most (1 + ε)T for any ε > 0. For the special case of m identical speed machines, the machine activation problem is trivial, since the cheapest subset of k machines is always the best choice if the optimal solution activates k machines. In addition, we consider the case when some jobs can be dropped (and are treated as outliers).

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | Proceedings of the 21st Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms |

Publisher | Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) |

Pages | 1360-1372 |

Number of pages | 13 |

ISBN (Print) | 9780898717013 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2010 |

Event | 21st Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms - Austin, TX, United States Duration: Jan 17 2010 → Jan 19 2010 |

### Publication series

Name | Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms |
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### Conference

Conference | 21st Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms |
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Country/Territory | United States |

City | Austin, TX |

Period | 1/17/10 → 1/19/10 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Software
- Mathematics(all)