Energy Renormalization Method for the Coarse-Graining of Polymer Viscoelasticity

Jake Song, David D. Hsu, Kenneth R. Shull, Frederick R. Phelan, Jack F. Douglas, Wenjie Xia*, Sinan Keten

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Developing temperature transferable coarse-grained (CG) models is essential for the computational prediction of polymeric glass-forming (GF) material behavior, but their dynamics are often greatly altered from those of all-atom (AA) models mainly because of the reduced fluid configurational entropy under coarse-graining. To address this issue, we have recently introduced an energy renormalization (ER) strategy that corrects the activation free energy of the CG polymer model by renormalizing the cohesive interaction strength ϵ as a function of temperature T, i.e., ϵ(T), thus semiempirically preserving the T-dependent dynamics of the AA model. Here we apply our ER method to consider - in addition to T-dependency - the frequency f-dependent polymer viscoelasticity. Through small-amplitude oscillatory shear molecular dynamics simulations, we show that changing the imposed oscillation f on the CG systems requires changes in ϵ values (i.e., ϵ(T, f)) to reproduce the AA viscoelasticity. By accounting for the dynamic fragility of polymers as a material parameter, we are able to predict ϵ(T, f) under coarse-graining in order to capture the AA viscoelasticity, and consequently the activation energy, across a wide range of T and f in the GF regime. Specifically, we showcase our achievements on two representative polymers of distinct fragilities, polybutadiene (PB) and polystyrene (PS), and show that our CG models are able to sample viscoelasticity up to the megahertz regime, which approaches state-of-the-art experimental resolutions, and capture results sampled via AA simulations and prior experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3818-3827
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecules
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 22 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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