Human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) is a potentially valuable resource for cell therapy. The present study investigated the short-term survival of intrastriatal grafts of either freshly isolated or cultured HUCB cells and the effect of the immunosuppressive agent cyclosporin A (CSA) in host rat brains. The group injected with either freshly isolated or cultured HUCB cells was subdivided into CSA or saline controls. Freshly isolated and cultured HUCB cells displayed surface markers CD33, CD44, CD45, CD51/61 and CD90/Thy-1. The hematopoietic progenitor marker CD34 was expressed only in freshly isolated cells. The majority of injected HUCB cells were localized within a 500-μm radius from the injection site in the striatum; however, a subpopulation migrated along the corpus callosum. There was no significant statistical difference in the cell count between freshly isolated and cultured HUCB cells with or without CSA. Some grafted HUCB cells expressed either a neural or microglial marker. There was weak up-regulation of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigen in rats either with or without CSA. However, there were considerably fewer positive cells labeled with an MHC class II antigen in CSA groups. These results suggest that neither freshly isolated nor cultured HUCB cells induce acute rejection after intrastriatal transplantation up to 14 days. CSA suppressed up-regulation of MHC class II antigen in the host brain.
- Cyclosporin A
- Human umbilical cord blood
- Major histocompatibility complex class I
- Major histocompatibility complex class II
- Stem cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Neuroscience