Enhanced detection of ischemic myocardium by transesophageal dobutamine stress echocardiography: Comparison with simultaneous transthoracic echocardiography

Farooq A. Chaudhry*, Jason T. Tauke, Renato S. Alessandrini, Stuart A. Greenfield, Carl L. Tommaso, Robert O. Bonow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The diagnostic accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography is limited in patients with poor transthoracic acoustic windows. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) overcomes these limitations and thus may increase the clinical usefulness of dobutamine stress echocardiography. The present study was designed to compare the diagnostic accuracies of transesophageal and transthoracic dobutamine stress echocardiography for the identification of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a cohort of patients with a higher incidence of poor acoustic windows. Forty-two male patients (mean age, 66 ± 9 years) underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography with simultaneous transesophageal and transthoracic imaging. Coronary arteriography was performed in 28 patients (67%). Transesophageal imaging adequately visualized 99.6% of left ventricular segments compared with 76.2% visualized by transthoracic imaging (P < 0.0001). There was substantial agreement between the two techniques for segmental wall motion analysis at baseline (kappa 0.76; 95% CI, 0.70-0.82); however, at peak dobutamine dose, agreement was significantly reduced (kappa 0.62; 95% CI, 0.55-0.69). The sensitivity (88% vs 75%), specificity (100% vs 75%), and positive predictive value (100% vs 80%) for the identification of CAD were all superior for transesophageal imaging. Transesophageal imaging correctly identified 11 of the 12 patients (92%) with multivessel disease compared with 5 patients (42%) identified by transthoracic imaging (P < 0.03). There were no major complications. Transesophageal dobutamine stress echocardiography is a safe, feasible, and accurate technique for the identification and risk stratification of patients with CAD. Transesophageal imaging appears to be superior to transthoracic imaging for identifying both the presence and extent of CAD, specifically in patients with poor acoustic windows.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-253
Number of pages13
JournalEchocardiography
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Stress echocardiography
  • Transesophageal echocardiography
  • Transthoracic echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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