In order to overcome the multidrug resistance of breast cancer cells, doxorubicin was loaded onto TiO2 nanoparticles in which the electrostatic interactions hold the drug and the nanoparticles together. The anticancer activity of this nanocomposite was evaluated in multidrug resistant breast cancer cells. In nanocomposite treated MCF-7/ADM cells, drug accumulation increased with enhanced anticancer activity about 2.4 times compared to that of doxorubicin alone. The potential mechanism of enhanced drug accumulation is ascribed to the fact that the nanocomposite directly transports the drugs into cells via internalization, bypassing the P-glycoprotein mediated doxorubicin pumping system. Our results reinforce that the nanocomposite, as a pH controlled drug release system, could be used to overcome multidrug resistance of human breast cancer cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)