By thinning transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) to monolayer form, a direct bandgap semiconductor emerges which opens up opportunities for use in optoelectronic devices. However, absorption and radiative emission is drastically reduced which hinders their applicability for practical devices. One way to address this challenge is to design plasmonic resonators that localize electric fields within or near the two-dimensional (2D) material to confine excitation fields and increase Purcell factors. Previous studies have successfully utilized this method for enhancing radiative emission in 2D-TMDCs by using large area plasmonic arrays that exhibit complex plasmonic interactions due to near and far-field couplings that take place over many periods. In this study, we demonstrate the photoluminescence enhancements in monolayer MoS2 under single Au nanoantennas which only exhibit near-field interactions. Here, the enhancements originate from excitation of near-field plasmons confined within 20 nm of monolayer MoS2 which yields a peak photoluminescence enhancement of 8-fold and an area corrected photoluminescence enhancement >980 fold. Additionally, simulated enhancement trends are found to agree well with experimental results to understand the optimal design requirements. Our results will provide a better understanding of local emission enhancements in 2D materials over small areas of MoS2 that are essential for future applications of truly compact optoelectronic devices based on two-dimensional or reduced dimensionality materials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)