Enhanced systemic antilymphoma immune response by photothermal therapy with CpG deoxynucleotide–coated nanoparticles

Adam Yuh Lin, Bongseo Choi, Taehoon Sim, Eva Yang, Hyunjun Choi, Amir Behdad, Dong Hyun Kim*, Leo I. Gordon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In preclinical studies, we investigated a novel mechanism of in situ vaccination in lymphoma. Radiation therapy (RT) can induce abscopal responses in lymphoma models, but this has not translated into clinical efficacy. We hypothesized that immune stimulation with cytosine guanine dinucleotide (CpG) deoxynucleotides could enhance abscopal effects induced by RT or photothermal therapy (PTT), which has been shown to have an immune stimulatory effect in solid tumors but has not been studied in lymphoma. We designed a branched gold nanoparticle (NP) platform to carry CpG deoxynucleotides while maintaining PTT function and compared the immunologic profile of the tumor microenvironment after PTT or RT in a dual-flank lymphoma model. One flank was treated with CpG deoxynucleotides with RT or PTT, and the other tumor was left untreated. We found that the CpG deoxynucleotide/PTT group had significant reduction in growth in both treated (primary) and untreated (secondary) tumors, suggesting an improved abscopal response, with a concomitant increase in CD8/CD4 and cytotoxic T-cell/regulatory T-cell ratios in both primary and secondary tumors compared with CpG deoxynucleotides/RT. Dendritic cells in primary and secondary draining lymph nodes had increased maturation markers in the CpG deoxynucleotide/PTT group, and the effector memory T cells (both CD4 and CD8) in the secondary tumor and spleen were increased, suggesting a systemic vaccination effect. These data suggest that in a lymphoma model, PTT using a CpG deoxynucleotide NP platform resulted in enhanced in situ vaccination and abscopal response compared with RT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4581-4592
Number of pages12
JournalBlood Advances
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 9 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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