Enhanced thermoelectric properties of the Zintl phase BaGa2Sb2 via doping with Na or K

Umut Aydemir*, Alex Zevalkink, Alim Ormeci, Sabah Bux, G. Jeffrey Snyder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Na- or K-doped samples of Ba1-x(Na, K)xGa2Sb2 were prepared by ball-milling followed by hot-pressing. The topological analysis of the electron density of BaGa2Sb2 implies a polar covalent nature of the Sb-Ga bonds in which the Sb atoms receive the electrons transferred from Ba rather than the Ga atoms. Successful doping of BaGa2Sb2 with Na or K was confirmed with combined microprobe and X-ray diffraction analysis. Alkali metal doping of BaGa2Sb2 increased the p-type charge carrier concentration to almost the predicted optimum values (∼1020 h+ cm-3) needed to achieve high thermoelectric performance. With increasing alkali metal concentration, electronic transport was shifted from non-degenerate semiconducting behaviour observed for BaGa2Sb2 to degenerate one for Na- or K-doped compounds. Overall, the thermoelectric figure of merit, zT, values reached up to ∼0.65 at 750 K, considerably higher than the undoped sample (zT ∼ 0.1 at 600 K), and a slight improvement relative to previously reported Zn-doped samples (∼0.6 at 800 K).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1867-1875
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 7 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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