Enhancement of a simplified model for maximum stress prediction

A. Martini*, G. Velter, L. M. Keer, Q. J. Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


A simplified model for rapid estimation of maximum subsurface stress was previously reported by the authors. That model was found to predict the upper bound of the maximum von Mises stress in each layer below any surface with good accuracy. In this work, the model is enhanced by quantifying the difference between the predicted upper bound and the maximum stress for a specific rough surface. This is done by evaluating stress predictions for real rough surfaces, sinusoidal surfaces, ideal textured surfaces, and real rough surfaces with imposed computer generated texture. The difference between the predicted upper bound and the surface-specific maximum stress is found to be related to that surface's roughness. The origin of this relationship is investigated in terms of apparent contact area. The enhanced simplified model provides an efficient means of estimating maximum stress in rough surface contact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalTribology Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007


  • Contact mechanics
  • Stress analysis
  • Surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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