Enhancement of Resonant Energy Transfer Due to an Evanescent Wave from the Metal

Amrit Poudel, Xin Chen*, Mark A. Ratner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The high density of evanescent modes in the vicinity of a metal leads to enhancement of the near-field Förster resonant energy transfer (FRET) rate. We present a classical approach to calculate the FRET rate based on the dyadic Green's function of an arbitrary dielectric environment and consider the nonlocal limit of material permittivity in the case of the metallic half-space and thin film. In a dimer system, we find that the FRET rate is enhanced due to shared evanescent photon modes bridging a donor and an acceptor. Furthermore, a general expression for the FRET rate for multimer systems is derived. The presence of a dielectric environment and the path interference effect enhance the transfer rate, depending on the combination of distance and geometry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)955-960
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 17 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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