Purpose: To conduct an intraindividual comparison of the enhancement pattern of hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) on dynamic MRI study obtained following the injection of Gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) and other gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs). Method: This is a retrospective, Institutional Review Board-approved study conducted in a single institution. A search of medical records between 2008 and 2017 revealed 17 patients (all females) with at least one pathologically-proven HCA who underwent liver MRI with Gd-EOB-DTPA and another GBCA within 1 year. Enhancement of each lesion on hepatic arterial (HAP), portal venous (PVP), 2 min and 4–5 minutes phases was subjectively evaluated by two abdominal radiologists. Lesions were categorized as hyper-, iso- or hypointense compared to the surrounding liver parenchyma. The presence of a peripheral pseudocapsule was also recorded. The differences in lesion enhancement were assessed using the McNemar Test. A p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The final population included 35 HCAs (83% inflammatory subtype). There was no significant difference in lesion size (P = 0.708) and enhancement on HAP (P = 0.625) or PVP (P = 0.125). HCAs showed more frequently hypointensity on 2 min (13/35 vs. 1/35, P < 0.001) and 4–5 minutes (P < 0.001) images obtained after injection of Gd-EOB-DTPA compared to those obtained after other GBCAs. A pseudocapsule was more frequently noted after administration of Gd-EOB-DTPA (13/35 vs 1/35, P = 0.002). Conclusions: Enhancement pattern of HCA differs significantly after the injection of Gd-EOB-DTPA compared to other GBCAs. Lesion hypointensity on 2 min and 4–5 minutes images is more frequent when using Gd-EOB-DTPA.
- Contrast media
- Hepatocellular adenoma
- Magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging