Enhancing and Extinguishing the Different Emission Features of 2D (EA1−xFAx)4Pb3Br10 Perovskite Films

Rhiannon M. Kennard, Clayton J. Dahlman, Emily E. Morgan, Juil Chung, Benjamin L. Cotts, Joseph R.A. Kincaid, Ryan A. DeCrescent, Kevin H. Stone, Shobhana Panuganti, Yahya Mohtashami, Lingling Mao, Richard D. Schaller, Alberto Salleo, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Jon A. Schuller, Ram Seshadri, Michael L. Chabinyc*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


2D hybrid perovskites are attractive for optoelectronic devices. In thin films, the color of optical emission and the texture of crystalline domains are often difficult to control. Here, a method for extinguishing or enhancing different emission features is demonstrated for the family of 2D Ruddlesden–Popper perovskites (EA1−xFAx)4Pb3Br10 (EA = ethylammonium, FA = formamidinium). When grown from aqueous hydrobromic acid, crystals of (EA1−xFAx)4Pb3Br10 retain all the emission features of their parent compound, (EA)4Pb3Br10. Surprisingly, when grown from dimethylformamide (DMF), an emission feature, likely self-trapped exciton (STE), near 2.7 eV is missing. Extinction of this feature is correlated with DMF being incorporated between the 2D Pb-Br sheets, forming (EA1−xFAx)4Pb3Br10∙(DMF)y. Without FA, films grown from DMF form (EA)4Pb3Br10, retain little solvent, and have strong emission near 2.7 eV. Slowing the kinetics of film growth strengthens a different emission feature, likely a different type of STE, which is much broader and present in all compositions. Films of (EA1−xFAx)4Pb3Br10∙(DMF)y have large, micron-sized domains and homogeneous orientation of the semiconducting sheets, resulting in low electronic disorder near the absorption edge. The ability to selectively strengthen or extinguish different emission features in films of (EA1−xFAx)4Pb3Br10∙(DMF)y reveals a pathway to tune the emission color in these compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2200547
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 5 2022


  • 2D halide perovskites
  • crystals
  • emission
  • exciton–phonon coupling
  • self-trapped excitons
  • solvents
  • thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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