Enhancing Coherence Times of Chromophore-Radical Molecular Qubits and Qudits by Rational Design

Yunfan Qiu, Hannah J. Eckvahl, Asif Equbal, Matthew D. Krzyaniak, Michael R. Wasielewski*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


An important criterion for quantum operations is long qubit coherence times. To elucidate the influence of molecular structure on the coherence times of molecular spin qubits and qudits, a series of molecules featuring perylenediimide (PDI) chromophores covalently linked to stable nitroxide radicals were synthesized and investigated by pulse electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Photoexcitation of PDI in these systems creates an excited quartet state (Q) followed by a spin-polarized doublet ground state (D0), which hold promise as spin qudits and qubits, respectively. By tailoring the molecular structure of these spin qudit/qubit candidates by selective deuteration and eliminating intramolecular motion, coherence times of Tm = 9.1 ± 0.3 and 4.2 ± 0.3 μs at 85 K for D0 and Q, respectively, are achieved. These coherence times represent a nearly 3-fold enhancement compared to those of the initial molecular design. This approach offers a rational structural design protocol for effectively extending coherence times in molecular spin qudits/qubits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25903-25909
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number47
StatePublished - Nov 29 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancing Coherence Times of Chromophore-Radical Molecular Qubits and Qudits by Rational Design'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this