Enhancing Peer Norms, Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem, and Social Support for Safe Sex in Naturalistic Environments

Jesus Ramirez-Valles*, Lisa M. Kuhns, Haiyan Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Evidence suggests that volunteerism and activism in GLBT and AIDS organizations and communities are protective against sexual risk and substance use. Yet, the mechanisms by which community involvement is protective are poorly understood, particularly in Latino gay, bisexual, and transgender (GBT) populations. This chapter researches four potential mediators of the association between community involvement and safe sex: self-esteem, social support, safe sex peer norms, and safe sex selfefficacy. Results showed that community involvement in GLBT or HIV/AIDS organizations was positively associated with social support, peer norms, and safer sex self-efficacy (N = 643 Latino GLBT). Involvement in other causes was not associated with these factors. Safe sex was also predicted by peer norms and safe sex self-efficacy. Thus, promoting naturally occurring activities such as volunteerism and activism as prevention strategies may be more effective, sustainable, and less expensive than structured didactic approaches to sexual risk reduction among Latino GBT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHIV Prevention with Latinos
Subtitle of host publicationTheory, Research, and Practice
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199950232
ISBN (Print)9780199764303
StatePublished - Sep 20 2012


  • AIDS
  • Activism
  • HIV
  • LGBT
  • Safe sex
  • Volunteerism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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