Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the use of ensemble methods to improve the prediction of fetal macrosomia and large for gestational age from prenatal ultrasound imaging measurements. Methods: We evaluated and compared the prediction accuracies of nonlinear and quadratic mixed-effects models coupled with 26 different empirical formulas for estimating fetal weights in predicting large fetuses at birth. The data for the investigation were taken from the Successive Small-for-Gestational-Age-Births study. Ensemble methods, a class of machine learning techniques, were used to improve the prediction accuracies by combining the individual models and empirical formulas. Results: The prediction accuracy of individual statistical models and empirical formulas varied considerably in predicting macrosomia but varied less in predicting large for gestational age. Two ensemble methods, voting and stacking, with model selection, can combine the strengths of individual models and formulas and can improve the prediction accuracy. Conclusions: Ensemble learning can improve the prediction of fetal macrosomia and large for gestational age and have the potential to assist obstetricians in clinical decisions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Medicine|
|State||Published - Feb 2020|
- Ensemble methods
- Large for gestational age
- Machine learning
ASJC Scopus subject areas