Background: Alpha-mannosidosis (OMIM 248500) is a rare lysosomal storage disease (LSD) caused by alpha-mannosidase deficiency. Manifestations include intellectual disabilities, facial characteristics and hearing impairment. A recombinant human alpha-mannosidase (rhLAMAN) has been developed for weekly intravenous enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). We present the preliminary data after 12 months of treatment. Methods: This is a phase I-II study to evaluate safety and efficacy of rhLAMAN. Ten patients (7-17 y) were treated. We investigated efficacy by testing motor function (6-minutes-Walk-Test (6-MWT), 3-min-Stair-Climb-Test (3-MSCT), The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT2), cognitive function (Leiter-R), oligosaccharides in serum, urine and CSF and Tau- and GFA-protein in CSF. Results: Oligosaccharides: S-, U- and CSF-oligosaccharides decreased 88.6 % (CI -92.0 -85.2, p < 0.001), 54.1 % (CI -69.5- -38.7, p < 0,001), and 25.7 % (CI -44.3- -7.1, p < 0.05), respectively. Biomarkers: CSF-Tau- and GFA-protein decreased 15 %, p < 0.009) and 32.5, p < 0.001 respectively. Motor function: Improvements in 3MSCT (31 steps (CI 6.8-40.5, p < 0.01) and in 6MWT (60.4 m (CI -8.9 -51.1, NS) were achieved. Cognitive function: Improvement in the total Equivalence Age of 4 months (0.34) was achieved in the Leiter R test (CI -0.2-0.8, NS). Conclusions: These data suggest that rhLAMAN may be an encouraging new treatment for patients with alpha-mannosidosis.The study is designed to continue for a total of 18 months. Longer-term follow-up of patients in this study and the future placebo-controlled phase 3 trial are needed to provide greater support for the findings in this study.
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