Eotaxin is a potent chemoattractant for eosinophils during inflammation and allergic reactions in the adult, but its role in the embryonic development of the hematopoietic system has not been examined. We report here that eotaxin and its receptor, CCR-3, are expressed by embryonic tissues responsible for blood development, such as fetal liver (FL), yolk sac (YS), and peripheral blood. We found that eotaxin acts synergistically with stem cell factor to accelerate the differentiation of embryonic mast cell progenitors, and this response can be suppressed by pertussis toxin, an inhibitor of chemokine-induced signaling through Gi(α) protein and chemotaxis. Eotaxin promotes the differentiation of fetal mast cell progenitors into differentiated mast cells as defined by the expression of mast cell specific proteases. Furthermore, in combination with stem cell factor (SCF), it promotes the growth of Mac-1+ myeloid cells from embryonic progenitors. These studies suggest that eotaxin may be involved in the growth of granulocytic progenitors and the differentiation and/or function of mast cells during embryogenesis and/or pathological conditions that induce high levels of eotaxin, such as allergic responses.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Sep 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology