Epidemic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among intravenous drug users (IVDU)

R. T. D'Aquila, A. B. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is epidemic among intravenous drug users (IVDU), particularly in the northeastern United States. IVDU are playing a critical role in the spread of HIV by infecting their heterosexual partners and children, as well as their needle-sharing partners. The epidemiology of HIV infection among IVDU is reviewed here, including a compilation of seroprevalence data. Relevant determinants of the future spread of HIV among IVDU are discussed, including the major risk factors for HIV seropositivity, the modes of HIV transmission, and aspects of the natural history of HIV infection in IVDU. The public health policy implications of these issues include the need for education of adolescents and the general public about the risks of drug injection and heterosexual intercourse with IVDU, as well as motivation of IVDU to stop injecting, never share injection paraphernalia, or, at least, clean needles effectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-567
Number of pages23
JournalYale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Volume60
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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