3 cross-sectional survey methodology was used to respond to the need of a local health department to identify correlates of high-risk behaviors related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission among pregnant women attending prenatal care clinics. This study of 488 maternity patients was conducted at two public health clients in Tampa, Florida, in 1991. The prevalence of high-risk behaviors was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Out of 428 respondents, 25% reported having had intercourse with two or more male partners in the past year. Following multiple logistic regression analysis, four variables remained consistently and significantly associated (P < 0.05) with having two or more sexual partners: (1) annual household income of less than $10,000/y (prevalence odds ratio (POR) = 4.5; 95% confidence limits (CL): 1.5, 13.1); (2) history of prostitution (POR = 8.1; 95% CL: 1.5, 42.1); (3) history of rape or forcible intercourse (POR = 2.2; 95% CL: 1.0, 4.6); and (4) an expressed desire for confidentiality among women seeking further information about acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention (POR = 2.1; 95% CL: 1.1, 4.0). Assessment of these factors may lead to better direction of HIV education programs, as well as identification and counseling of specific individuals at high risk for engaging in behaviors that can lead to HIV infection. Short, self-administered questionnaires provide confidential, rapid, and inexpensive means of generating baseline data for further interventions.
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
- risk factors
- women's health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health