Epidemiology and extracutaneous comorbidities of severe acne in adolescence: A U.S. population-based study

Jonathan I Silverberg*, N. B. Silverberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Little is known about the epidemiology of severe acne in the U.S. Objectives We sought to study the U.S. prevalence, determinants and comorbidities of severe acne in adolescence. Methods We analysed data from the 2007 National Health Interview Survey, a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of 9417 children ages 0-17 years. Prevalence of severe acne, demographics and comorbid disorders were determined. Results The U.S. prevalence of severe acne was virtually nil in the first decade of life, but increased in a linear fashion from 11 years [1·7% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0·4-3·0%)] to 17 years of age [12·1% (95% CI 7·8-16·5%)] (Rao-Scott Chi-square, P < 0·0001). Severe acne was more common in Whites compared with other racial groups at age 14-15 years (P = 0·0004) and girls at age 11-13 (P = 0·02). Severe acne was associated with a number of comorbid disorders. Sinopulmonary disease included sinus infection (P = 0·0003), sore throat other than strep infection (P = 0·0003), asthma (P = 0·03) and nonasthmatic lung disease (P = 0·03). Upper gastrointestinal comorbidities included reflux/heartburn (P = 0·0003), abdominal pain (P = 0·03), nausea/vomiting (P = 0·0001) and food/digestive allergy (P = 0·01). Psychological comorbidities included depression (P = 0·02), anxiety (P < 0·0001), attention deficit disorder/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (P = 0·01) and insomnia (P = 0·02). Conclusions In conclusion, severe acne was more prevalent in older age, Whites, female sex and higher socioeconomic status. Future studies are needed to confirm the associations with sinopulmonary, upper gastrointestinal and psychological disorders in adolescents. What's already known about this topic? Little is known about racial, ethnic or socioeconomic differences of severe acne prevalence or about the medical comorbid disorders with severe acne. What does this study add? Severe acne is more prevalent in older age, Whites, female sex and higher socioeconomic status. Severe acne was associated with higher prevalences of one or more sinopulmonary, gastrointestinal and psychological comorbid disorders. The results of this study suggest that patients with severe acne are at higher risk for many comorbidities and warrant closer surveillance by dermatologists and primary care healthcare providers alike.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1136-1142
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Volume170
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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