Epidemiology and Natural History of Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Evan S. Dellon*, Ikuo Hirano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

475 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has emerged over the past 2 decades as a major cause of upper gastrointestinal morbidity. Over this time, the epidemiology of EoE has also rapidly evolved. EoE has transformed from a rare case-reportable condition to disease that is commonly encountered in the gastroenterology clinic, hospital emergency room, and endoscopy suite. The incidence and prevalence are increasing at rates that outpace increased disease recognition. Current incidence estimates range from 5 to 10 cases per 100,000, and current prevalence estimates range from 0.5 to 1 case per 1000. We review the data and potential reasons behind this increase, examine risk factors, and identify important areas for research into disease etiology. The article also discusses the progression of EoE from an inflammatory to fibrostenotic phenotype. An accurate view of the natural history of EoE is central to discussions with patients regarding disease prognosis and decisions about long-term use of medical, endoscopic, and diet therapies. Progressive remodelling appears to be gradual, but not universal, and the duration of untreated disease is the best predictor of stricture risk. Ultimately, prospective, long-term outcome studies focusing on multiple aspects of disease activity are needed to fully understand the natural history of EoE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-332.e3
JournalGastroenterology
Volume154
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Fibrosis
  • Incidence
  • Prevalence
  • Progression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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