Epiproteomics: Quantitative analysis of histone marks and codes by mass spectrometry

Yupeng Zheng*, Xiaoxiao Huang, Neil L. Kelleher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Histones are a group of proteins with a high number of post-translational modifications, including methylation, acetylation, phosphorylation, and monoubiquitination, which play critical roles in every chromatin-templated activity. The quantitative analysis of these modifications using mass spectrometry (MS) has seen significant improvements over the last decade. It is now possible to perform large-scale surveys of dozens of histone marks and hundreds of their combinations on global chromatin. Here, we review the development of three MS strategies for analyzing histone modifications that have come to be known as Bottom Up, Middle Down, and Top Down. We also discuss challenges and innovative solutions for characterizing and quantifying complicated isobaric species arising from multiple modifications on the same histone molecule.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-150
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Chemical Biology
Volume33
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

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