Epitaxial Growth of γ-Cyclodextrin-Containing Metal-Organic Frameworks Based on a Host-Guest Strategy

Dengke Shen, Gang Wang, Zhichang Liu, Peng Li, Kang Cai, Chuyang Cheng, Yi Shi, Ji Min Han, Chung Wei Kung, Xirui Gong, Qing Hui Guo, Hongliang Chen, Andrew C.H. Sue, Youssry Y. Botros, Antonio Facchetti, Omar K. Farha, Tobin J. Marks, J. Fraser Stoddart*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


A class of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) - namely CD-MOFs - obtained from natural products has been grown in an epitaxial fashion as films on the surfaces of glass substrates, which are modified with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) molecules. The SAMs are created by host-guest complexation of γ-CD molecules with surface-functionalized pyrene units. The CD-MOF films have continuous polycrystalline morphology with a structurally out-of-plane (c-axial) orientation, covering an area of several square millimeters, with a thickness of ∼2 μm. Furthermore, this versatile host-guest strategy has been applied successfully in the growth of CD-MOFs as the shell on the curved surface of microparticles as well as in the integration of CD-MOF films into electrochemical devices for sensing carbon dioxide. In striking contrast to the control devices prepared from CD-MOF crystalline powders, these CD-MOF film-based devices display an enhancement in proton conductance of up to 300-fold. In addition, the CD-MOF film-based device exhibits more rapid and highly reversible CO2-sensing cycles under ambient conditions, with a 50-fold decrease in conductivity upon exposure to CO2 for 3 s which is recovered within 10 s upon re-exposure to air.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11402-11407
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number36
StatePublished - Sep 12 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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