Latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) and LMP2B are viral proteins expressed during Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latency in EBV-infected B cells both in cell culture and in vivo. LMP2A has important roles in modulating B-cell receptor (BCR) signal transduction by associating with the cellular tyrosine kinases Lyn and Syk via specific phosphotyrosine motifs found within the LMP2A N-terminal tail domain. LMP2A has been shown to alter normal BCR signal transduction in B cells by reducing levels of Lyn and by blocking tyrosine phosphorylation and calcium mobilization following BCR cross-linking. Although little is currently known about the function of LMP2B in B cells, the similarity in structure between LMP2A and LMP2B suggests that they may localize to the same cellular compartments. To investigate the function of LMP2B, B-cell lines expressing LMP2A, LMP2B, LMP2A/LMP2B, and the relevant vector controls were analyzed. As was previously shown, cells expressing LMP2A had a dramatic block in normal BCR signal transduction as measured by calcium mobilization and tyrosine phosphorylation. There was no effect on BCR signal transduction in cells expressing LMP2B. Interestingly, when LMP2B was expressed in conjunction with LMP2A, there was a restoration of normal BCR signal transduction upon BCR cross-linking. The expression of LMP2B did not alter the cellular localization of LMP2A but did bind to and prevent the phosphorylation of LMP2A. A restoration of Lyn levels, but not a change in LMP2A levels, was also observed in cells ceexpressing LMP2B with LMP2A. From these results, we conclude that LMP2B modulates LMP2A activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science