Equatives and deferred reference

Gregory Ward*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Previous accounts of DEFERRED REFERENCE (e.g. Nunberg 1995) have argued that all (nonostensive) deferred reference is the result of MEANING TRANSFER, a shift in the sense of a nominal or predicate expression. An analysis of deferred equatives (I'm the pad thai) suggests an alternative account based on the notion of PRAGMATIC MAPPING: a contextually licensed mapping operation between (sets of) discourse entities, neither of which undergoes a transfer of meaning. Moreover, the use of a deferred equative requires the presence of a contextually licensed OPEN PROPOSITION whose instantiation encodes the particular mapping between entities, both of which remain accessible to varying degrees within the discourse model. Finally, it is shown how a complete account of deferred reference must provide for transfers of reference as well as sense.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-289
Number of pages28
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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