ERP correlates of pitch error detection in complex Tone and Voice auditory feedback with missing fundamental

Roozbeh Behroozmand*, Oleg Korzyukov, Charles R. Larson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Previous studies have shown that the pitch of a sound is perceived in the absence of its fundamental frequency (F0), suggesting that a distinct mechanism may resolve pitch based on a pattern that exists between harmonic frequencies. The present study investigated whether such a mechanism is active during voice pitch control. ERPs were recorded in response to + 200 cents pitch shifts in the auditory feedback of self-vocalizations and complex tones with and without the F0. The absence of the fundamental induced no difference in ERP latencies. However, a right-hemisphere difference was found in the N1 amplitudes with larger responses to complex tones that included the fundamental compared to when it was missing. The P1 and N1 latencies were shorter in the left hemisphere, and the N1 and P2 amplitudes were larger bilaterally for pitch shifts in voice and complex tones compared with pure tones. These findings suggest hemispheric differences in neural encoding of pitch in sounds with missing fundamental. Data from the present study suggest that the right cortical auditory areas, thought to be specialized for spectral processing, may utilize different mechanisms to resolve pitch in sounds with missing fundamental. The left hemisphere seems to perform faster processing to resolve pitch based on the rate of temporal variations in complex sounds compared with pure tones. These effects indicate that the differential neural processing of pitch in the left and right hemispheres may enable the audio-vocal system to detect temporal and spectral variations in the auditory feedback for vocal pitch control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalBrain research
StatePublished - Apr 11 2012


  • Auditory feedback
  • Event-related potentials (ERPs)
  • Missing fundamental
  • Pitch processing
  • Vocal motor control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'ERP correlates of pitch error detection in complex Tone and Voice auditory feedback with missing fundamental'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this