ERPs in schizophrenia: Effects of antipsychotic medication

Judith M. Ford*, Patricia M. White, John G. Csernansky, William O. Faustman, Walton T. Roth, Adolf Pfefferbaum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

195 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thirty unmedicated schizophrenics were compared to 29 age-matched controls on auditory and visual event-related brain potential (ERP) paradigms. Twenty-one of these patients were tested again after 1 week on placebo and after 4 weeks on antipsychotic medication. Before treatment, N1, N2, and P3 components of the auditory ERP were smaller in the schizophrenics than in the controls. Although visual N2 was smaller in schizophrenics, visual P3 was not. In spite of significant clinical improvement with antipsychotic treatment, amplitudes of auditory and visual N1, N2 and P3 were not significantly changed. Higher blood levels of antipsychotic medication were related to reductions in auditory P3 latency, however. In addition, higher levels of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) MHPG (methoxyhydroxyphenylglycol) were associated with larger auditory N1s and larger auditory and visual P3s, suggesting an influence of arousal on these components in schizophrenics. In spite of this influence, reduction of the auditory P3 in schizophrenia is an enduring trait of the disease, which is not affected by antipsychotic medication or clinical improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-170
Number of pages18
JournalBiological psychiatry
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1994

Keywords

  • ERPs
  • P3
  • antipsychotic medication
  • schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry

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