Erratum: Tissue factor promotes the glioma stem cell phenotype, and is suppressed by mutant IDH1 (Neuro-Oncology (2018) 20:Supplement 6 (vi249) DOI: 10.1093/neuonc/noy148)

Dusten Unruh, Snezana Mirkov, Brian Wray, Jonathan Lamano, Denise M. Scholtens, Jann N. Sarkaria, C. David James, Craig Horbinski

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

Abstract

Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 mutant (IDH1mut) gliomas have global genomic hypermethylation, are less aggressive than IDH1 wild-Type (IDH1wt) gliomas, and generally grow poorly in vitro and in vivo. Yet little data exist that connect specific hypermethylation targets to this unique phenotype. We previously reported that the gene encoding Tissue Factor (TF), F3, which promotes both thrombosis and malignant behavior, is among the most hypermethylated and downregulated genes in IDH1mut gliomas. In multiple IDH1wt and IDH1mut patient-derived glioma cell lines, F3 was hypermethylated in IDH1mut cells compared to IDH1wt cells, with reduced TF protein expression. A demethylating agent, decitabine, increased F3 transcription in IDH1mut glioma cells, but not in IDH1wt cells. TF knockdown greatly reduced proliferation, colony formation, glioma stem cell (GSC) marker expression, and xenograft growth of IDH1wt/ EGFRvIIIamp GBM6 cells and IDH1wt/EGFRamp GBM12 cells, but not of NF1-mutant GBM43 cells. Conversely, TF induction enhanced the proliferation and colony formation of IDH1mut GBM164 and TB09 cells, especially GBM164. TF also increased the in vivo "take rate" of intracranial GBM164 xenografts from 0% to 100%, but did not enable TB09 xenograft growth. TF activated receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) in GBM6, GBM12, and GBM164, but RTK expression was very low in GBM43 and TB09. Transcriptomic profiling showed that only two genes were downregulated after TF knockdown in GBM6 and GBM12, and also upregulated after TF induction in GBM164: PROM1, encoding CD133, and CTNND2, encoding δ-catenin. Neither gene was affected by TF manipulation in GBM43 or TB09. High F3 mRNA correlated with enrichment of GSC markers, and worse outcome, in TCGA gliomas. These data suggest that: (i) TF promotes a GSC phenotype through RTKs; (ii) CD133 and δ-catenin may be critical effectors of TF-induced GSC behavior; (iii) TF methylation reduces IDH1mut glioma malignancy; (iv) TF is an attractive, novel therapeutic target in IDH1wt gliomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1212
Number of pages1
JournalNeuro-oncology
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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