We have studied the expression of the major heat shock protein HSP70 during maturation of avian erythroid cells. Primitive and definitive erythroid cells were isolated from staged day 3-8 chicken embryos, and the levels of HSP70 mRNA and protein synthesis were examined. The highest levels of HSP70 are detected in polychromatic cells of the day 3-4 primitive erythroid cell. After the initial burst of HSP70 expression the levels of HSP70 mRNA and protein synthesis decline. Although HSP70 is constitutively expressed, neither HSP70 synthesis nor HSP70 mRNA levels were heat shock inducible in primitive red cells. In contrast, definitive red cells respond to heat shock by a 10- to 20-fold increase in HSP70 protein synthesis with little change in HSP70 mRNA levels. These studies reveal that HSP70 expression in erythroid cells is lineage specific, that the levels of HSP70 mRNA are not induced by heat shock, and finally, that the increased expression of HSP70 in definitive cells is due to increased translatability of HSP70 mRNA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology