Esophageal Distensibility Defines Fibrostenotic Severity in Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Natalie V. Hoffmann, Kaitlin Keeley, Joshua B. Wechsler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Identification of fibrosis in pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) relies on symptom assessment and endoscopy. Symptoms are highly variable, and early fibrotic remodeling may go undetected on endoscopy yet contribute to esophageal dysfunction. We aimed to assess whether esophageal distensibility has utility in defining fibrostenotic severity in a cohort of pediatric patients with EoE with symptoms of esophageal dysfunction. Methods: We analyzed a prospectively recruited a cohort of children ages 9 to 21 years undergoing upper endoscopy and Endoscopic Functional Lumen Imaging Probe (EndoFLIP) for suspected or previously diagnosed EoE. Esophageal distensibility was evaluated by the distensibility index (DI) and esophageal diameter at the distensibility plateau. The association of esophageal distensibility to clinical, endoscopic, and histologic parameters of disease severity was assessed. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine the utility of distensibility in defining esophageal rigidity in pediatric EoE. Results: We identified 59 pediatric patients with EoE undergoing endoscopy and EndoFLIP at a single pediatric tertiary referral center. DI (mm2/mmHg) was significantly lower in patients with fibrotic as compared with inflammatory features on endoscopy (median, 3.3; interquartile range, 2.3–4.4) vs median, 5.5; interquartile range, 4.1–6.0; P = .02) and showed no correlation with eosinophil count. DI <4.5 mm2/mmHg predicted grade 2 rings on endoscopy with area under the curve of 0.81 (P = .0004). DI predicted food impaction in both unadjusted and adjusted models (fully adjusted odds ratio, 1.44; 95% confidence interval, 1.02–2.14; P = .0486). Conclusion: Esophageal distensibility determined by EndoFLIP is a measure of fibrostenotic severity that can be used to clinically phenotype pediatric EoE. We propose parameters of DI <4.5 mm2/mmHg for defining esophageal rigidity in pediatric patients with EoE ages 9 years and older.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1188-1197.e4
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Children
  • Diameter
  • EndoFLIP
  • Endoscopic Functional Luminal Impedance Probe
  • EoE
  • Esophagus
  • Fibrosis
  • Fibrostenosis
  • Rings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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