Esophageal function testing: Billing and coding update

A. Khan*, B. Massey, S. Rao, J. Pandolfino

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: Esophageal function testing is being increasingly utilized in diagnosis and management of esophageal disorders. There have been several recent technological advances in the field to allow practitioners the ability to more accurately assess and treat such conditions, but there has been a relative lack of education in the literature regarding the associated Common Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes and methods of reimbursement. This review, commissioned and supported by the American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society Council, aims to summarize each of the CPT codes for esophageal function testing and show the trends of associated reimbursement, as well as recommend coding methods in a practical context. We also aim to encourage many of these codes to be reviewed on a gastrointestinal (GI) societal level, by providing evidence of both discrepancies in coding definitions and inadequate reimbursement in this new era of esophageal function testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13158
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2018


  • billing
  • coding
  • impedance testing
  • manometry
  • pH testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology


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